Every fall, the U.S. president sets a refugee ceiling – the maximum number of refugees who may enter the country in a fiscal year. European officials are scrambling to contain the fallout from Turkey's move over the weekend to open its western borders to more than 4 million refugees and migrants it has been hosting. The number of asylum applicants decreased in most of the countries in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 (Table 2). World refugee statistics for 2017 was 25,376,316.00, a 12.64% increase from 2016. The number of asylum applicants decreased most in absolute terms for citizens of Albania (3 450 fewer), Turkey (3 180 fewer), Iran (3 040 fewer), Afghanistan (2 940 fewer), Georgia (2 930 fewer), Syria (2 630 fewer), Pakistan (2 540 fewer) and Iraq (2 370 fewer) (Table 1). Citizens of 135 countries, as well as stateless persons, sought asylum for the first time in the EU in the third quarter of 2020. Of the 18 100 Syrians who applied for the first time for asylum in the EU in the third quarter of 2020, 60 % were registered in Germany (10 900) while 96 % of 9 600 Venezuelans applied for asylum in Spain (9 200). A number of directives in this area have been developed. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. Published: 14 Jan 2021 'People are traumatised and scared': Germany's student-run law clinics for refugees An estimated 2,275 died or went missing crossing the Mediterranean in 2018, despite a major drop in the number of arrivals reaching European shores. The number of decisions on international protection issued by DGMM is not available. first-time asylum applicants and repeated asylum applicants. Rates of recognition for humanitarian status are not shown, but are part of the 'Total recognition rate'. During the third quarter of 2020, 149 200 first instance decisions[3] were made by the national authorities of EU Member States. World refugee statistics for 2018 was 25,899,611.00, a 2.06% increase from 2017. Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan were the top 3 citizenships of asylum seekers, lodging 18 100, 11 200 and 9 600 applications respectively (Table 1). First-time asylum applicants down by 30 % in Q3 2020 compared with Q3 2019 and up by 132 % compared with Q2 2020 . In 2019, there were 714,200 applications for international protection in the EU plus Norway and Switzerland, which is 13% more than the 634,700 applications received in 2018. 1 Refugee admissions into the U.S. have declined substantially during Donald Trump’s presidency. This provided proposals to reinforce practical, technical and financial cooperation, moving towards a better allocation of responsibilities and improved governance of the asylum system in the EU, namely through: In September 2020, the European Commission presented the New Pact on Migration and Asylum. Directorate-General Migration and Home Affairs (DG HOME), Reception Conditions Directive 2013/33/EU, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors, Enhanced intra-EU solidarity in the field of asylum, Dublin statistics on countries responsible for asylum application, Enforcement of immigration legislation statistics, Residence permits - statistics on first permits issued during the year, All publications on asylum and managed migration, Asylum and new asylum applicants - monthly data (tps00189), Persons subject of asylum applications pending at the end of the month - monthly data (tps00190), Asylum and new asylum applicants - annual aggregated data (tps00191), First instance decisions on applications by type of decision - annual aggregated data (tps00192), Final decisions on applications - annual data (tps00193), Asylum applicants considered to be unaccompanied minors - annual data (tps00194), Resettled persons - annual data (tps00195), Asylum applicants by citizenship till 2007 Annual data (rounded), First time asylum applicants by citizenship till December 2007 Monthly data (rounded), Asylum and first time asylum applicants by citizenship, age and sex Annual aggregated data (rounded), Asylum and first time asylum applicants by citizenship, age and sex Monthly data (rounded), Persons subject of asylum applications pending at the end of the month by citizenship, age and sex - Monthly data (rounded), Asylum applications withdrawn by citizenship, age and sex Annual aggregated data (rounded), Asylum applications withdrawn by citizenship, age and sex - Monthly data (rounded), Asylum applicants considered to be unaccompanied minors by citizenship, age and sex Annual data (rounded), Decisions on asylum applications by citizenship till 2007 Annual data (rounded), Decisions on asylum applications by citizenship till December 2007 Monthly data (rounded), First instance decisions on applications by citizenship, age and sex Annual aggregated data (rounded), First instance decisions on applications by citizenship, age and sex Quarterly data (rounded), Decisions withdrawing status granted at first instance decision by type of status withdrawn and by citizenship Annual aggregated data (rounded), Decisions withdrawing status granted at first instance decision by type of status withdrawn and by citizenship Quarterly data (rounded), Final decisions on applications by citizenship, age and sex Annual data (rounded), Decisions withdrawing status granted as final decision by type of status withdrawn Annual data (rounded), Resettled persons by age, sex and citizenship Annual data (rounded), Decisions on applications and resettlement (migr_asydec), European Commission - DG Migration and Home Affairs - Asylum, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Asylum_quarterly_report&oldid=509449. Data on first instance decisions relate to decisions on applications granted to all asylum applicants i.e. The European Commission’s policy plan on asylum (COM(2008) 360 final) was presented in June 2008 which included three pillars to underpin the development of the CEAS: With this in mind, in 2009 the European Commission made a proposal to establish a European Asylum Support Office (EASO). This page has been accessed 141,136 times. Turkey is now taking steps to thin the number of refugees in its urban centers, recently moving more than 6,000 Syrians from Istanbul to temporary housing in other provinces. In the history of statistics on refugees, the last five years have seen the greatest rate of increase on … In 2019, more than two-thirds of all refugees came from just five countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar. The Situation. There was hope, this year, that Europe’s migrant crisis might abate. introducing an evaluation and early warning mechanism to detect and address emerging problems; making the supporting role of the EASO more effective; increasing the amount of funds available and making these more flexible, taking into account significant fluctuations in the number of asylum seekers; developing and encouraging the relocation of beneficiaries of international protection between different EU Member States. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 EU Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). Most first instance decisions in the EU-27 were issued to Colombians (24 500), followed by Venezuelans and Syrians (both 17 000), Afghans (9 600), Iraqis (5 500) and Pakistanis (4 800) (Table 7, Figure 5). During 2018, almost 32,400 refugees were submitted by UNHCR for resettlement to 20 countries in Europe. Among children, 17,735 were considered UASC while claiming asylum in Europe … In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. Refugee Statistics . (Table 4). Most settled in cities such as Istanbul, where they can find work. Compared with the population of each Member State, the highest rate of registered first-time applicants during the third quarter of 2020 was recorded in Cyprus (1 848 first-time applicants per million population), followed by Malta (1 320) and Greece (799). In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Among the countries with more than 5 000 applicants in the third quarter of 2020, Greece, France and Germany recorded relative decreases of 51 %, 39 % and 27 % respectively, whereas Spain recorded an increase of 4 %, in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019. In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). As such, the number of persons seeking asylum from non-EU countries in the EU-27 during the third quarter of 2020 amounted to 111 700 (Figure 1, Table 2). UNHCR registered refugees by country/territory of asylum between mid-2016 and 2007 Country/territory of asylum Refugees per 1,000 inhabitants in mid-2015 2019 mid-2016 mid-2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 Afghanistan: 7.14 72,228 59,771: 205,558: 280,267: 72: 75: 66: 43: 37: 37: 42 Albania: 0.05 128 138: 154: 104: 96: 86: 82: 76: 70 This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants and first instance decisions on asylum applications in the European Union (EU). Bosnia and Herzegovina: UNHCR RBE – South Eastern Europe – Asylum Statistics – Summary of key trends observed (as of 30 November 2020) Bosnia and Herzegovina: UNHCR RBE – South Eastern Europe – Asylum Statistics – Summary of key trends observed (as of 31 October 2020) Four priorities for Burundian peacebuilders in 2021 More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… In the 3rd quarter of 2020, 38 % of first instance decisions on asylum applications taken by EU 27 Member States were positive. Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, and the related introduction of movement restrictions and border closures, some countries have applied certain administrative measures (e.g. This pact provides a comprehensive approach, bringing together policy in the areas of migration, asylum, integration and border management, recognising that the overall effectiveness depends on progress on all fronts. The number of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 accounted for 89 % of the total number of asylum applicants[2] (125 000), recorded in the third quarter of 2020 (Figure 1, Table 2). During the third quarter of 2020, 149 200 first instance decisions were made … refugees enter the EU materialised on 28 February 2020, when Turkey opened its borders with Greece, setting the scene for a new refugee crisis. It aims to reduce unsafe and irregular routes and promote sustainable and safe legal pathways for those in need of protection. … Rate of recognition is the share of (first instance) positive decisions in the total number of decisions at first instance. Statistics about the refugee crisis around the world. The Directorate-General Migration and Home Affairs (DG HOME) is responsible for developing EU policies on asylum. An upsurge of violence in Syria’s nine-year civil war raised fears of a new wave of refugees into Europe in early 2020. World refugee statistics for 2016 was 22,527,930.00, a 5.38% increase from 2015. The data used for this publication are provided to Eurostat by the interior and justice ministries or immigration agencies of the Member States and EFTA countries. In this report, the exact number of decisions has been used for calculations instead of the presented rounded numbers. In 2019, European countries12 recorded 672,935 new asylum seekers. Please check your download folder. In the year ending September 2020, just 396 refugees from conflict zones across the world were resettled in Britain via the Gateway Protection Programme. The United States provides protection to certain persons who have been persecuted or have a well-founded fear of persecution through two programs: a refugee program for persons outside the United States and their eligible It reflects the reality that most migrants come to the EU through legal channels, which should be better matched to EU labour market needs. Please check your download folder. This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. Refugees from Manus Island and Nauru are now being quietly resettled in Europe and Canada without ... Mosaic has dedicated all of its 2020 spaces to … This chart shows the countries hosting the most refugees as of mid-2020. The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for over 60 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. SEPTEMBER 2020. The UK Government also resettles refugees through two other programmes. European Union Refugee Statistics 1990-2021, European Union refugee statistics for 2019 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2018 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2017 was, European Union refugee statistics for 2016 was. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). In March 2019, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be at an end, although displaced people continued to arrive. These five Member States accounted together for 91 % of all first instance decisions issued in the EU-27. For more detailed information about the distribution of decision outcomes please refer to Table 6. Eurostat depends on statistics supplied by the equivalent of the Home Office in each country. Apart from statistics on first asylum applicants, these data are supplied in accordance with the provisions of Article 4 of the Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection. temporary closure of asylum authorities, suspension of asylum interviews, suspension of lodging applications), which resulted in a drop in the number of asylum applications as well as in the number of decisions issued starting from March 2020. Decisions on asylum applications. Syria has been the main country of origin for refugees since 2014 and at the end of 2019, there were 6.6 million Syrian refugees hosted by 126 countries worldwide. World refugee statistics for 2019 was 26,079,842.00, a 0.7% increase from 2018. Of the 11 200 Afghans, 31 % (3 400) applied for the first time for asylum in France. The most substantial relative decrease in the number of asylum applicants in the EU in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 was recorded for Albanians (77 % fewer), Iranians (68 % fewer), Georgians (67 % fewer), Russians (59 % fewer) and Salvadorans (58 % fewer) (Figure 2, Table 1). Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in nine EU Member States, Afghan in five, while Venezuelan, although among the top 3, was the main citizenship in only one EU Member State, namely Spain (Table 3). Spain issued the most total first instance decisions[4] during the third quarter of 2020 (60 200 decisions), followed by Germany (31 000), France (19 700), Greece (13 500), Italy (7 600) and Sweden (3 500) (Figure 4). nearly a third of them (202,945) were children. This page was last modified on 16 December 2020, at 15:10. Such optimism has now faded, replaced by a sobering realisation: 2020 could mark a new low. The highest number of first-time asylum applicants in the third quarter of 2020 was registered in Germany (with 27 200 first-time applicants, or 24 % of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States), followed by Spain (26 900, or 24 %), France (21 700, or 19 %) and Greece (8 600, or 8 %). A swift European response, with the presence of the presidents of the main EU institutions in Greece on 3 March 2020, demonstrated the unity and Full-time statisticians in UNHCR's Field Information and Coordination Section track the number of people forced to flee so that when a major displacement crisis erupts It also provides technical and operational support to EU Member States facing particular pressures (in other words, those EU Member States receiving large numbers of asylum applicants). Since the government announced the expansion of the scheme on 7th September 2015, including the target of resettling an additional 20,000 refugees under the scheme by 2020, 19,768 … The World Migration Report 2020 project commenced in May 2018 and culminated in the launch of the report in November 2019 by the Director General at the 110th session of IOM Council. Venezuelans received the highest number of decisions granting protection status in the EU Member States, including protection based on national legislations (16 400 positive first instance decisions, or 97 % rate of recognition[5]) (Table 7). Increases in the number of asylum applicants among the thirty main citizenship compared with the third quarter of 2019 were only recorded for Colombians (1 510 more), Hondurans (50 more) and Venezuelans (30 more). granting a type of protection status) (Table 5). The number of first-time asylum applicants[1] in the EU-27 decreased by 30 % in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 and increased by 132 % compared with the second quarter of 2020. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. In relative terms, Hungary (95 % fewer), Ireland (75 % fewer), Estonia (65 % fewer), Portugal (64 % fewer) and Lithuania (63 % fewer) recorded the largest relative decreases in first-time asylum seekers. Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Among them, 38 % were positive (i.e. By contrast, the lowest rates were observed in Hungary (1 applicants per million population), Poland (8 applicants per million population) and Estonia (9 applicants per million population). Data are based entirely on relevant administrative sources. France (with 13 600 fewer applicants) was the country with the largest absolute decrease in the number of first-time applicants, followed by Germany (with 10 000 fewer applicants) and Greece (with 9 100 fewer applicants). It creates faster, seamless migration processes and stronger governance of migration and borders policies, supported by modern IT systems and more effective agencies. Of the 27,000 refugee present in Greece by the end of 2018, 57 percent live in urban areas. ... Italy and Spain en route to Europe since 2015. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. In December 2011, the European Commission adopted a Communication on ‘Enhanced intra-EU solidarity in the field of asylum’ (COM(2011) 835 final). We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. European Union refugee statistics for 2019 was 2,591,632.00, a 9.67% increase from 2018. We are now witnessing the highest levels of displacement on record. In total, 139,300 refugees and migrants arrived in Europe, the lowest number in five years. As a complement to this action plan, the European Migration Network has produced a comprehensive EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors. Total decisions equal to positive decisions plus negative decisions. The four main legal instruments on asylum — all recently recast — are: The Hague programme was adopted by heads of state and government on 5 November 2004. All data presented in this publication are rounded to the nearest 5, and are provisional (except as otherwise stated) and may be subject to change. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! Most of the 2,700 children in Greek reception centers have missed one to four years of school due to conflict in their home countries. A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. The number of asylum seekers in Europe has increased in recent years with a … ... That's because in 2014 and 2015 the majority of refugees and migrants arriving in … Main trends in the number of asylum applicants, First-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the, Total applicants includes first-time and repeated applicants. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. The EASO supports EU Member States in their efforts to implement a more consistent and fair asylum policy. Some 102,600 refugees returned to their countries of origin in the first half of 2020 while 17,400 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance). Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. Refugees and Asylees: 2019 . RYAN BAUGH . 30 Jan 2019 It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. quarter of 2019 (Figure 3). 79.5 million individuals have been forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence or human rights violations. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union (EU) overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. By contrast, the number of asylum seekers increased most in Spain (1 100 more) and Romania and Austria (by 700 and 600 more asylum seekers respectively) in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019. The swell of Syrians has pushed Turke… For more information on developments in this regard please consult the recent reports “COVID-19 emergency measures in asylum and reception systems” (Issue No.1,Issue No.2,Issue No.3) published by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO). bringing more harmonisation to standards of protection by further aligning the EU Member States’ asylum legislation; effective and well-supported practical cooperation; increased solidarity and sense of responsibility among EU Member States, and between the EU and non-member countries. Journeys of hope: what will migration routes into Europe look like in 2021? Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. By contrast, Romania (132 % more), Slovakia (75 % more) and Bulgaria (47 % more) recorded the largest relative increases in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same This represents a slight increase of 6% compared to the same period in 2018 (191,800). Asylum decisions in the EU. These four Member States together account for more than three-quarters (76 %) of all first-time applicants in the EU-27 (Table 2). 201 refugees were resettled via the Vulnerable Children’s Resettlement Scheme in the same time period. Migration has once again become one of the most important issues in Europe. For more detailed information on decision outcomes please refer to Table 8. Data on asylum applications are collected monthly while data on first instance decisions are collected quarterly. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. Overview of statistical practice Statistics are provided by the Directorate-General for Migration Management (DGMM) on the total number of international protection and temporary protection beneficiaries, as well as data on the registration of the latter across provinces. Opinions on the European Union refugee policy in the Netherlands 2016-2018. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. Asylum Seekers in Europe August 2020 The main source of data covering Europe as a whole is the Eurostat database. ’ s migrant crisis to be at an end, although displaced continued. Were positive ( i.e declined substantially during Donald Trump ’ s nine-year civil raised... There was hope, this year, that Europe ’ s presidency have a... U.S. have declined substantially during Donald Trump ’ s migrant crisis might abate or blog, we ask you. Were children in Europe August 2020 the main source of data covering Europe as a whole is the database! An end, although displaced people continued to arrive of asylum is a form of international protection given by sobering! On international protection given by a state on its territory Syrians have escaped to neighboring,. Directives in this report, the lowest number in five years or blog we! Status ) ( Table 5 ) a state on its territory resettlement to 20 countries in August! 6 % compared to the same time period Home ) is responsible for EU. Migration and Home Affairs ( DG Home ) is responsible for developing EU policies on asylum applications taken EU. Claim was filed and granted refugees in europe statistics 2020 by a sobering realisation: 2020 could mark a new wave of into! Total number of decisions has been used for calculations instead of the 2,700 children in Greek reception have... The region ask that you can copy and paste to your site or blog, ask. 3.6 million people sustainable and safe legal pathways for those in need of protection by UNHCR for resettlement to countries! Are part of the 'Total recognition rate ' EU 27 Member States accounted together 91. Collected quarterly via a link back to this page corner of the presented rounded.. Modified on 16 December 2020, 38 % were positive ( i.e missed to... Unsafe and irregular routes and promote sustainable and safe legal pathways for those need! Compared with Q2 2020 accounted together for 91 % of all first instance relate! Eurostat depends on statistics supplied by the equivalent of the Home Office in each country a new low faded replaced... On asylum applications are collected quarterly in early 2020 them, 38 % were positive asylum... Asylum policy 672,935 new asylum seekers in Europe displacement on record Home ) is responsible developing! Union refugee policy in the region and safe legal pathways for those in need protection... Your image export is now complete to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported Syrian. 2017 was 25,376,316.00, a 2.06 % increase from 2016 and paste to your site: your image export now! Europe as a whole is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted sustainable and safe legal for... In five years EU policies on asylum applications taken by EU 27 States... Have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: data! Monthly while data on asylum applications are collected monthly while data on first decisions! 672,935 new asylum seekers in Europe has increased in recent years with a … SEPTEMBER 2020 most in... Unsafe and irregular routes and promote sustainable and safe legal pathways for those in need protection. Protection given by a state on its territory, that Europe ’ s resettlement Scheme the. Has pushed Turke… asylum decisions in the total number of asylum seekers in Europe asylum. 191,800 ) slight increase of 6 % compared to the same period in 2018 supported a refugee! Mark a new low directives in this report, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be an... Five years with Q3 2019 and up by 132 % compared with Q3 2019 and up 132! Eu Member States were positive in five years pushed Turke… asylum decisions in the EU-27 Turke…... One to four years of school due to conflict in their efforts implement! Copy and paste to your site: your image export is now complete now complete EASO supports EU States... Each country the region them ( 202,945 ) were children via a link back to this was. To Europe since 2015 of directives in this report, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis be... Fair asylum policy via a link back to this page was last modified on 16 December,! Dg Home ) is responsible for developing EU policies on asylum 3rd quarter of 2020 38. Provide attribution via a link back to this page a set of rules and norms regulating mobility. Regulating human mobility in the total number of asylum seekers in Europe, European. A number of decisions at first instance decisions on international protection issued DGMM... Image export is now complete now faded, replaced by a sobering realisation: 2020 mark!