Application: the Practice of Righteousness in Service (12:1–15:13), F. In Relation to Other Christians (14:1–15:13), VII. 3. Paul wrote: 1. God preserved many of those letters for us as books of the Bible. During the first, Paul was kept in or near the barracks of the Praetorian Guard or in rental quarters at his own expense for two years (Acts 28:30), during which these epistles were written. 48 This outline was taken from The Expositor's Bible Commentary, New Testament, Frank E. Gaebelein, General Editor, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 1976-1992, electronic media. PLAY. Finally, Mounce rightly observes that in the acknowledged Pauline epistles there may be theological themes common in one book but not in another. Pastoral Epistles develop Pauline theology at the juncture of first and second generation Christianity. In it he bared his heart and declared his steadfast love for the Corinthians even though some had been extremely critical and very fickle in their affection for him. Evidently at a young age, he went to Jerusalem, and according to his testimony, studied under the well know Gamaliel I, a noted teacher in the School of Hillel (Acts 22:3). Because of the greetings in 1:2, Colossians became known as Pros Kolossaeis, “To the Colossians.” As with the other epistles of Paul surveyed thus far, both the external and internal evidence strongly support Paul’s authorship. 8-18), III. We should carefully study these issues and seek biblical answers so we might come to conclusions based on our study of the facts of Scripture. Apart from the salutation and benediction, the book easily divides up into five sections: II. You’ll see Paul telling children to obey parents, masters to be kind to their slaves, and the like; you won’t see Paul giving children a list of things to do, or giving masters a bill of slaves’ rights in the church. To instruct Titus about what he should do to correct the matters that were lacking in order to properly establish the churches in Crete. Written by Paul (1:1) 48-53 A.D. B. He was not only a Jew, but by his own testimony, he was a Pharisee and a son of a Pharisee (Acts 23:6), was a Hebrew of Hebrews (spoke Hebrew or Aramaic), was of the tribe of Benjamin (Phil. 63-64. It shows how we may be chained and hindered, but that the Word of God is not imprisoned (see also 2 Tim. Paul’s Gratitude for the Colossians’ Faith (1:3-8), 3. The Position of Liberty: Stand Fast (5:1-12), B. The key word, occurring in one form or the other some 16 times, is “joy” or “rejoice.” “Unity” or “oneness” is another key idea of the book. Because of the riot caused by silversmiths (Acts 19:23-41) Paul departed from Ephesus for Macedonia (Acts 20:1) in the spring of A.D. 56. This was an established literary style as early as the 4th century BCE. Design an experience for a small group that simulates the situation of the recipients and the achievement of the goal(s) of the author. The Explanation of Our Armor (6:14-17), Both the internal and external evidence again points to Paul as the author. Created by. Paul was chosen for a few specific tasks (Eph 3:8–9): We see Paul doing the first in the book of Acts. Practical: The Gospel of Grace, Justification by Faith Applied (5:1–6:18), A. amandabertsch. … While the experience was sudden and dramatic, the effects were enduring. Of course not. Q. In favor of this dating is the fact that Paul does not mention the decision of the Jerusalem council that bore directly on his Galatian argument concerning the Judaizers, indicating that the council had not yet taken place.50. Unless I go … These are primarily correspondence: Paul sends greetings, instructions, encouragement, and background information. Paul wrote: (1) to encourage and boost the spirit and courage of Timothy by reminding him of his charge or duty (1:3), of his spiritual gift (4:14), his good confession (6:12), and of the deposit of doctrine entrusted to him (6:20); (2) to give Timothy biblical insight in dealing with the errors of false teachers and to encourage Timothy himself to continue in sound doctrine (1:3-11, 18-20; 4:1-16; 6:3f); (3) to give direction concerning proper church conduct in worship (chap. He shows acquaintance with Greek culture and their thinking. The problems included divisions in the church (1:11), trust in man’s wisdom or that of the world rather than God’s (1:21-30), immorality (chap. And, of course, the letters themselves claim to have been written by Paul.65, The Greek titles for 1 and 2 Timothy are Pros Timotheon A and Pros Timotheon B, “First to Timothy” and “Second to Timothy.” Timothy’s name means, “honoring God.”. The Practical Portion of the Epistle; The Walk and Conduct of the Church (4:1-6:24), B. While conditions in the church were similar, the persecution seems to have grown (1:4-5), and this, with other factors, led Paul to write this letter from Corinth sometime in A.D. 51 or 52 after Silas and Timothy, the bearers of the first letter, had returned with the news of the new developments. It also appears Titus worked with Paul at Ephesus during the third missionary journey. Pauline Epistles Lecture Notes Mitchell Esswein & David Callaway | Religion 1001 Background to Paul the Apostle1 Sources of the Life and Thought of Paul o What we know about Paul comes from two extent works: The Book of Acts and the Pauline Epistles Is Luke, though, to be a trusted historian? The power of the cross provides deliverance from the curse of the law, from the power of sin, and from self (1:4; 2:20; 3:13; 4:5; 5:16, 24; 6:14). Chapters 4 and 5 undoubtedly stand out as key chapters because of their teaching on both the coming of the Lord for the church, the rapture (4:13-18), and the day of the Lord (5:1-11), the time in the future when He will intervene in human events to consummate His redemption and judgment. And further, he must be the Son of God. Paul’s advocacy before Philemon is parallel to Christ’s work of mediation before the Father. Here, in part 2 of this same topic the discussion continues by taking on board such additional vital ethical aspects as- The Abuse of Christian liberty; Public worship; Household codes. Onesimus was condemned by law but saved by grace.72, I. The Explanation of the Evidence (1:8-10), B. Misunderstanding of the Spirit’s ministry (2:6-16), D. The Design and Example of Paul (4:6-21), III. Biblical literature - Biblical literature - The Pauline Letters: In the New Testament canon of 27 books, 21 are called “letters,” and even the Revelation to John starts and ends in letter form. The superiority of prophecy over tongues (14:1-25), 5. Suggestion 2. Footnotes. The Believer’s Position in Christ (2:9-10), C. The Obligations of the True Teaching (2:16-3:4), 1. 1:13) along with the possibility of death (vv. Divide the group into five teams. Had He forgotten His promises to the Jews? As with 1 Thessalonians, this letter was also written by Paul (cf. Author and Title: Paul identifies himself as the author of this epistle with the words, “Paul … (7) Finally, there was a third visit to Corinth (Acts 20:2-3). This man Saul became the beloved apostle, saint, evangelist, theologian, and pastor we call Paul. Sponsored link. The Importance of the Resurrection (15:1-11), B. Revelation of the Kingdom of God. These epistles were meant to inspire each of us in our daily Christian walks. Picking out key chapters in Romans is indeed difficult for in this great treatise on doctrine and its application to life, one wants to say every chapter is key. Two other key words are “grace” (1:4; 2:11; 3:7, 15) and “faith” (1:1, 4, 13; 2:10, 13, and 3:15). Also, the seeds of what later became the full-blown Gnosticism of the second century were present in the first century and already making inroads into the churches. 38 This material is taken from J. Sidlow Baxter's Explore the Book, pp. THE PERMANENCE OF THE PROMISE (3:15-18) « The Promise Given to Christ. The Illustration of Righteousness (4:1-25), C. The Blessings of Righteousness (5:1-11), D. The Contrast of Righteousness and Condemnation (5:12-21), IV. The many personal references of the author fit what we know of Paul from other NT books.”56, The epistle to the church at Philippi, the first church Paul established in Macedonia, is titled in the Greek text, Pros Philippesious, “To the Philippians.”. The Pauline epistles, also called Epistles of Paul or Letters of Paul, are the thirteen books of the New Testament attributed to Paul the Apostle, although the authorship of some is in dispute. As the letter states, Paul is the author (see 1:1). II. Having finished the survey of the historical books (the Gospels and Acts), we now come to the twenty-one epistles of the New Testament, twenty-two if one includes Revelation as an epistle (which in reality it is [see Rev. 1886-1887. Similarly, in Christianity, there are different conceptions. What I heard, I tried to ignore. 8-9); and (3) he sought to defend his apostolic authority (chaps. Chapter 13, the great chapter on agape love, undoubtedly stands out as the pinnacle chapter of this book. Second Corinthians was written to defend the authenticity of both his apostleship and his message. 1:3). The Greek noun dikaiosune, “righteousness,” occurs 34 times, the noun didaioma, “a righteous deed, acquittal, ordinance,” five times, the noun dikaiokrisia (righteous judgment) once, the adjective dikaios, “righteous,” occurs seven times, the noun dikaiosis, “justification, acquittal,” twice, and the verb dikaioo, “declare or show to be righteous,” occurs 15 times for a total of 64 occurrences. Further, there is no evidence for so partitioning 2 Corinthians.45. However, the term pastoral is inaccurate in the sense that Timothy and Titus were not pastors in the present-day sense of the term. Five major themes in Paul’s writing compared with Jesus’ teachings Of the many themes and topics the apostle Paul addresses throughout his 13 epistles, the five perhaps most prominent that come to mind are: The Lordship of Christ Here the apostle taught them that the day of the Lord had not come and could not until certain events had taken place, not for the rapture of the church which is imminent, but for the day of the Lord, Daniel’s seventieth week. 1:16-19). When we turn to 2 Timothy we find a very different atmosphere. 11, 18), is motivated by Paul’s love to intercede on his behalf (vv. In favor of this is the fact that Luke seems to use “Galatia” only to describe North Galatia (Acts 16:6; 18:23). Paul is fond of parallelism, often chiastic, and frequently employs antithesis (eighteen times in the two short letters). 55 Ryrie, p. 1875. Chapter 2 is certainly a key chapter in the way it sets forth Christ as our example in putting others before ourselves by having the mind of Christ. A final purpose was to express Paul’s thanksgiving for Philemon and to request preparation for lodging for him when he was released from prison (vv. 1 Timothy 2. Logistics: specific instructions, greetings, etc.Paul’s writings on application are usually rather general. W. C. Strickland (Nashville: Broadman, 1959), p. 12. Instructions Concerning Public Worship (11:2–14:40), C. The Use of Spiritual Gifts (12:1–14:40), 2. As previously mentioned, the apostle was a prisoner when he wrote this epistle (Eph. So the letter to Philemon has specific instructions for an individual church leader (like the pastoral epistles) but is addressed to a local congregation (like a church letter). The Minister, Appointed to Proclamation (3:7-13), III. So here are some suggestions to think about: Suggestion 1. 5; 6:9-20), and a number of questions regarding marriage and divorce, food, worship, spiritual gifts, and the resurrection. Whereas Ephesians sets forth the glorious mystery, “the church which is Christ’s body,” Christ as the head of the Church (1:22-23), and believers as co-members of one another who are equally blessed with every spiritual blessing in Christ (1:3; 2:11-22), Philippians guards the practice of Ephesians. Each outline contains the dates that the epistles are believed to have been written, the purpose or theme, and special verses to be aware of in the letter. Thus, chapters 5 and 6 show that Christians must learn to live by the power of the Spirit and that the Spirit controlled walk will manifest not the works of the flesh but rather the fruit of the Spirit. The Experience of the Galatians: The Spirit is Given by Faith, Not by Works (3:1-5), B. 2 Thessalonians Categories of Pauline Epistles These, then, are the first Roman imprisonment letters, whereas 2 Timothy is the second Roman imprisonment letter.52. 4:13) where he was then arrested, taken to Rome, imprisoned, and finally beheaded. Promise of Paul to Philemon (vv. 10), B. Paul Forced Into Foolish Boasting (chs. This was not carried out in a self-protecting spirit but because Paul knew that acceptance of his ministry and message were intimately bound with the Corinthian church’s own spiritual well-being.46. to understand.Below, we have rounded up all the activities and blog posts that answer the big questions … Paul could easily say, “I am become all things to all men, that I may by all means save some” (1 Cor. Themes. 11–12), Paul identifies himself as the author of this epistle with the words, “Paul an apostle.” Apart from a few 19th-century scholars, no one has seriously questioned his authorship. Several themes and purposes are seen in this epistle. Introduction How is the theology of the Pastoral Letters to be understood in ... around four themes or principles and two texts in which those themes converge. 1:27; 2:2; 4:1f.). But the authorship of this epistle has been doubted by some on the grounds of the vocabulary and the nature of the heresy refuted in this epistle. Group 1. In doing so he pursued three broad purposes. The supremacy of love over gifts (13:1-13), 4. In the process of Paul’s defense, three key purposes emerge: (1) Paul expressed his joy at the favorable response of the church to Paul’s ministry (chaps. That Colossians is a genuine letter of Paul is not usually disputed. VeggieTales® creator Phil Vischer takes on the Pauline Epistles In the latest DVD in his Buck Denver Asks … What’s in the Bible? 3), proper behavior toward the various age groups—towards elders and widows (chap. As to One’s Self and the Church (5:19-21), D. The Believer’s Walk in Warfare (6:10-20), 2. That said, they may have been written during Paul’s life or shortly after his death, since they do resemble the style and themes of the undisputed Paulines. Polemical: Paul’s Vindication of His Apostolic Authority (chs. It’s a message to Philemon, a leader in the Colossian church, but it’s addressed to the church his house as well (Phlm 2). In view of this evidence, few (some radical critics of the nineteenth century) have ever questioned Paul’s authorship. Gravity. But not to be outdone, is the concept of “conduct” or “godliness,” which occurs nine times (cf. It is because organization and administration are not primary. Is this because organization is unimportant? Out of this, two great purposes emerge in the epistle. 19-21). In this epistle, we see Him as our comfort (1:5), triumph (2:14), Lord (2:4), liberty or freedom for a new life (3:17), light (4:6), judge (5:10), reconciliation (5:19), gift (9:15), owner (10:7), and power (12:9). Ordination of Elders in the Church (1:5-9), B. In the first 11 chapters, Paul explains what the gospel is. 1 Tim. The Epistle to the Galatians was the battle cry of the Reformation because it stands out as Paul’s Manifesto of Justification by Faith. As to external evidence, several church fathers (Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Polycarp, Clement of Alexander, and others) either quote from or use language closely resembling that found in Ephesians.53, In recent years, however, critics have turned to internal grounds to challenge this unanimous ancient tradition. Early church fathers support Paul’s authorship beginning as early as A.D. 140 (Marcion). The Resurrection of Sleeping Saints (4:13-16), 2. II Peter 3:15-16 refers to ‘all’ Paul’s letters, perhaps including the Pastorals. Here, in part 2 of this same topic the discussion continues by taking on board such additional vital ethical aspects as- The Abuse of Christian liberty; Public worship; Household codes. Internally the letter reveals the stamp of genuineness. Though accused by the Jews before the Roman governor Gallio (a charge that was dismissed) Paul remained 18 months in Corinth (Acts 18:1-17; 1 Cor. Paul’s an important character: out of the 27 books in the New Testament, Paul wrote 13. Any date assigned will have to be approximate, though probably A.D. 51-52. The Ministry of Reconciliation (5:11–6:10), K. A Spiritual Father’s Appeal to His Children (6:11–7:4), II. 15:19). The Expression of Thanks for Timothy (1:3-7), III. From 62-67 Paul traveled more or less freely, leaving Timothy in Ephesus and Titus in Crete, and then subsequently writing each of them a letter. Question: May a Christian Eat Food Consecrated to a Pagan God? Two key words and concepts stand out in this short epistle: “sanctification” (4:3, 4, 7), and “the coming of the Lord,” which is referred to in every chapter of the epistle (1:10; 2:19; 3:13; 4:15; 5:23). These books, then, deal with matters of church order or ecclesiology not hitherto addressed, but before God gave the church directions for church organization (or order as specific as those we find in the pastorals) He gave us Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians. Their Love for God Expressed in Sanctified Living (4:1-8), B. This is evident from their writing style. purpose and theme The author wrote this epistle to prevent his readers from abandoning their faith in Christ ( Heb 2:1-4 ). His reference to the Praetorian guard (Phil. 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