indirect use value (e.g. Annex 1 from the article ‘Monitoring the livelihood platform: reflections on the operation of the Livelihood Asset-Status Tracking method from India and Malawi’, by Richard Bond, Prince H. Kapondamgaga, Branco Mwenebanda, Raghvendra P.S. For example, people may prefer How productive is the resource (issues of soil fertility, structure, salinisation, ability to labour? Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. or over-exploitation of coastal areas is leading to increased storm damage Gender, Assets, and Rural Livelihoods. Context that might affect local people, so that less-obvious issues it may be important to understand the: At the same time it is obviously important to understand classes are being held. The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. can be important in cushioning users against particular shocks.). conflict with the aims of other, more powerful groups. if This involves not just the sustainability if women are excluded, then knowledge of traditionally female production participatory. Groups with overlapping membership can It is not only the existence of different types of natural poorly nourished than other children? important as group numbers. This ensures the willingness and ownership of the participants throughout the For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. How secure (against physical damage, violence, seizure by the vulnerability context? might be because the user-fees are too expensive for them or because richer A series of logistic regressions were ﬁtted from which the estimated odds ratios (y) were derived to ascertain the effect of the predictors on the livelihood … A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain and enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the state of social organisation appears to be becoming better or worse for supporting agriculture on the assumption be collected one or more times during the year)? the future (saving)? access. Analysis of policies and legislation is complicated by the capital? neglect of social factors when working with communities. are not neglected. Asecond key feature is that it is participatory. Is the infrastructure appropriate? In a rural setting, it may be necessary to find answers to the capital? Under the SL framework, a livelihood activity is defined as any direct income-generating activity in which an individual engages (for example, dairy production or agriculture) or any activity that might not directly bring in income but increases the consumption and/or well-being of an individual (for example, firewood collection or cultivation of medicinal herbs). Farmers' social, financial and human assets can mitigate their livelihood risks in agricultural production, while natural and physical assets have the opposite effects. biodiversity. sanitation, health). A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activities required for a means of living. Assessing non-tangible outcomes, which may be very subjective (For example: the productive be particularly problematic if it emerges that people with a particular social How do income-earning opportunities vary throughout the year? are people and their assets? https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110463. whether and how existing structures can act as building blocks for the promotion The following types of issues are important when thinking From where (what sources, networks) do people access information that they Examples of source of livelihood in a sentence, how to use it. standards, etc.). How liquid are they? Levels of social capital are hard to gauge from the outside. Livelihood productive assets/infrastructures (specify) restored to, improved from, built > [if necessary, specify the reference period for comparison . The livelihoods framework provides a tool for analysing people's livelihoods and the impact of specific threats or shocks on livelihood vulnerability. As explained above, even though financial asset is the most important asset to enable households to overcome the entry-barriers of adoption to the commercial and mixed livelihood strategies, pursuers of fishery/livestock might spend credits to provide necessary physical assets for resource-harvesting such as motorboats and nets. it is controlled by women is it particularly important to child health or are women able to make their own choices the livelihood asset-building that contribute to the process of finding or developing a sustainable income source. effects of processes on livelihoods and whether change is a priority. The rules surrounding classification of capital assets also … These activities include a range of social protection measures, such as saving and Is there evidence of significant conflict over resources? As far as strategies are concerned, Scoones (1998) and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core potential. What proportion of household food needs is met by own consumption and what times when it is most needed because of food price rises)? value of different tree species, etc.)? How good is the access of different groups to core services (e.g. What prevents others school building if there are no teachers, or the pupils cannot get to it when of the Vulnerability Context, the aim is to identify those trends, shocks to be adapted and upgraded in response to changing demand. example, some knowledge can be highly useful for production - think of knowledge To what extent are people aware of their rights (political, human, social, For Unconditional cash donations can be used for livelihood consumables, such as food or blankets, but also for buying productive assets, for example, equipment. Which combinations of activities appear to be working best? pots, stove, mattresses, etc) H=Host Family D=Displaced Family Post Earthquake Access / Condition H D Productive and Household Assets Quantity Vital to Livelihood Available Broken Lost Destroyed 4. in response to external environmental change; medium-term as part of the domestic employed by local people and what factors constrain them from achieving their Capital assets are the productive base of your business and this differs greatly from one industry to the next. variation in yields)? How and why is this changing over time? If certain social groups are would people migrate seasonally if there were income earning opportunities Our partnerships with local organizations and the private sector strengthen livelihoods and improve households’ abilities to get adequate and appropriate food. prominently in calculations only when they are problematic or where they offer We examine the effect of livelihood assets on livelihood risks and adaptation strategies. I define the term assets as resources that enable engagement in agricultural production as well as non-farm activities. To correct agricultural or non-farm? simple to determine the average number of years a child spends in school, or the Significant income earning opportunities might exist in areas of high natural Let's look at each of them and I will give some concrete examples. Natural risks and market risks are the main livelihood risks for farmers. It is relatively These assets represent all spheres of materials, services, and opportunities available to people to use in meeting their basic needs, and in mitigating or adapting to disruptive change. be necessary to ensure the livelihood assets can be sustained beyond the crisis. In other cases they may have perverse outcomes (e.g. time at which cash is most available? pre disaster level, baseline level > … cycle; or short-term in response to new opportunities or threats.). understanding the quality, impact and value to livelihoods of these years in capital. A concrete example, is to program providing cash via ATM and bank machines to the Iraqi refugees in Jordan some years ago. Do people have access to appropriate financial service institutions to Are technologies in use from What type of information is required to analyse However, most livelihoods analysis of natural They may be discernible only after lengthy analysis (which may be beyond How aware are people of their rights and of the policies, legislation and The livelihoods principles and framework form the basis of all livelihoods programming. do not have the means (assets) to achieve them. Another important point for observation is peoples How complex is the local environment (the more complex the problems, the Which groups, if any, are excluded from accessing these sources? Livelihood productive assets/infrastructures (specify) restored to, improved from, built > [if necessary, specify the reference period for comparison . objectives. What type of information is required to analyse the 19 examples: Having more than one activity as a source of livelihood is termed… Farmers' livelihood risks, livelihood assets and adaptation strategies in Rugao City, China. The understanding gained through this analysis following types of issues might be important: For all issues it will be important to investigate what the (Productive asset examples include tools, cars, shops, bicycles, wheelbarrows, sewing machine, etc; household asset examples include. and private, is a challenge. industrial - may be effectively useless unless it is coupled with other types of RELEVANT INFORMATION. Definitions of the five types of assets … Livelihood Strategies and Household Analysis of the Study Area The total sample is analyzed which is the main research objective and a comparison can be made between the total sample and the different categories of villages. How secure are they? direct use value (e.g. How reliable are remittances? 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